Effects of work experience on fatigue-induced...

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Artículos Artículos Effects of work experience on fatigue-induced biomechanical changes during repetitive asymmetric lifts/lowers - Lee, Jungyong

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Título: Effects of work experience on fatigue-induced biomechanical changes during repetitive asymmetric lifts/lowers / Jungyong Lee, Maury A. Nussbaum, Gyouhyung Kyung

Notas: Sumario: Repetitive lifting/lowering is associated with an increased risk of work-related low back disorders (WRLBDs), and fatigue may exacerbate such risk. Work methods used by experienced workers are potential models for developing worker training to reduce WRLBDs, though whether experience modifies the effects of fatigue on WRLBD risk is largely unknown. Here, six novices and six experienced workers completed 185 cycles of repetitive, asymmetric lifts/lowers. Physical demands, whole-body balance and torso movement stability were assessed using torso kinematics/kinetics, linear/angular momenta and Lyapunov exponents, respectively. Several fatigue-induced changes in movement strategies were evident. Novices decreased and experienced workers increased peak lumbar moments post-fatigue, suggesting lower WRLBD risks among the former in terms of torso kinetics. Other than lumbar moments, though, fatigue substantially reduced group-level differences in torso twisting velocities and accelerations. Post-fatigue movement strategies of experienced workers thus did not appear to be advantageous in terms of WRLBD risk.

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