Since its inception, Fundación MAPFRE has focused its efforts on recovering work on paper by those artists and movements relevant for appreciating how the use of drawing and painting evolved over the last century. The selection we are presenting in Brazil covers the period from the end of the 19th century up to the mid-20th century, just at the moment when drawing was still seen in two different lights. If, on the one hand, it was a creative means of preparing the final execution of another work, it was, at the same time, already demonstrating its independence as fully fledged art in its own right. Drawing stopped being a means to an end and became a unique and independent art form throughout the 18th century; since then it has always remained so.
The walk round the exhibition begins with artists such as Edgar Degas, Auguste Rodin, Egon Schiele and Pablo Picasso, who laid the foundations of art for the coming new 20th century in that, since 1900, a number of transformations took place and a process of renewal that would lead directly to what we now know as modernity.
All of the works exhibited form part of the Collection of 20th Century Drawings, belonging to Fundación MAPFRE and exhibited in recent years in, among others, the Bass Museum of Art in Miami (2008), the Museum of Art of El Salvador (2015), the Museum of Fine Arts of Seville (2015) and the Troyes Museum of Modern Art (France, 2017).