Safe Driving Infographics

Infographics Infographics

They say that a picture is worth a thousand words which is why we have designed this section so that, in a very visual way, you can clear up all those queries you may have about an illness or medication and its consequences for driving, or about how to prevent accidents. If you prefer advice by video, our experts will tell you everything you need to know in a clear, simple and direct way. If what you prefer is a graphic format in which all the information appears at a single glance and you are able to download or print it then visit our infographics section.

Driving with children with attention deficit disorder, with or without hyperactivity (ADHD).

Driving with children with attention deficit disorder, with or without hyperactivity (ADHD)

ADHD is a development, behavioral disorder that affects the child’s neurodevelopment, arising in problems related with concentration and self-control for inhibiting behaviors. This psychiatric pathology affects between 2 and 5 percent of children, and is one of the most important child and adolescent psychiatric disorders.

Prevention of drowning

Prevention of drowning

Fundación MAPFRE collaborates in the prevention of this serious public health issue through its Prevention of Drowning in Swimming Pools and Beaches Program, which consists of posters describing the key prevention points, for use at swimming pools and beaches, and a quick guide with recommendations. Entitled “Enjoy aquatic spaces safely this summer”, the guide is particularly targeted at families with children and elderly people, the sectors of the population with the highest incidence of drowning.

World Parkinson’s Day

Parkinson and Road Safety

For patients with Parkinson’s, given its degenerative nature, the help they receive from everyone else, family members, friends, staff at associations, therapists, etc., is of great aid in their daily lives. Médicos por la Seguridad Vial offers you this brief sheet to help you learn more about it, including associated road safety recommendations.

Illnesses of the buccal space, pharynx, larynx and trachea, and recommendations for driving

Illnesses of the buccal space, pharynx, larynx and trachea, and recommendations for driving

Illnesses of the buccal space, pharynx, larynx and trachea, in addition to the specific symptoms of the disease, entail associated symptoms that have an enormous effect upon the patient’s physical abilities and mood. We invite you to read this brief sheet to learn about common symptoms and advice for driving safely if you have any of them.

Fibromyalgia and driving

Increasing road safety with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia (FM), or Fibromyalgia Syndrome were previously known as fibrositis or soft tissue rheumatism. It is a chronic disease of unknown cause that was not incorporated into the catalog of diseases of the World Health Organization until 1992, impacting the approach to this disease in terms of clinical practice, government healthcare policy, and the social sphere.

Treatment of HT

Treatment of HT and its influence at the wheel

Diagnosing HT is complicated, because common symptoms of hypertension can be attributed to other diseases. It is uncommon for people to measure their blood pressure unless they visit the doctor for some reason, and so it is estimated that one out of every three people with hypertension do not know that they have high blood pressure.

Chronic liver disease

Chronic liver disease and driving

If for more than six months a patient has elevated transaminases (damaged cells in the liver), this condition is called chronic liver disease. To put it simply, liver disease consists of inflammation of the liver, accumulation of fats in the liver, and increased size of the liver, which affects liver function.

Kidney transplant

Kidney transplant and driving-related recommendations

Spain is one of the world’s leaders in transplants and broke the record again in 2015, performing around 4,800, about 13 interventions per day (more than one every two hours). Of these, the 2,905 kidney transplants are worth highlighting, which increased by about 8.5 percent.

Fecal incontinence

Fecal incontinence and limitations at the wheel

Functional fecal incontinence (FI) consists of the inability to retain feces without any particular condition causing this, clearly and significantly affecting the quality of life of patients. More than 50 percent of patients conceal this condition, meaning that the doctor can only detect it by a targeted anamnesis.

Traveling with children by car

Recommendations for traveling with children in vehicles

Child Road Safety is the most efficient means for reducing accidents. Institutions, the community in which we live, the school and the family are basic for creating a culture of accident prevention for children, many of which could be avoided by the children themselves if adults followed the rules and applied more common sense in many situations.

Hemorrhoids and rectal fissure

Hemorrhoids, rectal fissure, and its effects while driving

Hemorrhoids and rectal fissure are reasons for frequent consultations to primary care physicians, though the affected persons are quite reluctant to seek medical attention for these. It is estimated that almost 100 percent of adults over the age of 60 have, at some point in their lives, had a coloproctological pathology, whether hemorrhoids or rectal fissure.

Treatment with benzodiazepines

Treatment with benzodiazepines and their repercussion at the steering wheel

According to recent figures published by the Spanish Consumers’ and Users’ Organization (OCU), the consumption of sleeping pills and anxiolytics (from the benzodiazepine family) has increased by 57 percent in Spain over the last 12 years and is still rising. There are 35 different benzodiazepines on the market, although pharmacologically they are very similar.

Gastrointestinal disorders in the summer

Gastrointestinal disorders in the summer. Prevention, medication and influence on driving

There is usually a significant uptick in food poisoning and gastrointestinal disorders during the summer months. We change our daily patterns, schedules and how we eat. We eat more than necessary and sometimes take medication to relieve indigestion or heartburn.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

GERD - Gastroesophageal reflux disease and driving

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders, with a 10-20 percent prevalence among the general population. It is estimated that around 32 percent of the Spanish population suffers common gastroesophageal reflux symptoms at least once a year, and nearly 10 percent suffer such symptoms every week.

Back to school. Accident prevention at school

Back to school. Accident prevention at school

For many families, September is the real “back to the routine”. Children back to school for many parents entails organizational complications as regards their classes, school materials, lunch… and concern for small accidents at school, most of which are minor and unimportant, but that represent 15 percent of all children’s accidents.

Headaches and craniofacial neuralgias

Headaches and craniofacial neuralgias

Headache, in general, and as focused on by Doctors for Road Safety in our Clinical Matters, may be due to specific causes, such as sinusitis, meningitis, cerebral tumors, temporary arthritis, contusions, HBP, etc. However, in most cases the cause is unknown and classified as emotional tension or stress.

Initial stages of dementia and Alzheimer’s

Initial stages of dementia and Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s disease arises from a degenerative process that entails a significant loss of neurons in several cerebral areas and a pronounced atrophy of the brain. In Spain, approximately 800,000 patients have this disease. Dementia is an irreversible and progressive loss of intellectual capacity that, when diagnosed, impedes driving.

Arthritis and driving

Arthritis and driving

Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more joints, which are the areas where two bones come together. The joints allow us to bend our limbs to make movements, such as bending the arms and legs, grasping large objects and holding small objects.

Progressive deterioration of eyesight and driving

Progressive deterioration of eyesight and driving

Due to the aging population, there is a noticeable increase in the number of impairments that cause a progressive decline in people’s eyesight. Diseases of the retina and optic nerve can appear at earlier ages and generally affect people in the 20-60 age bracket. However, senile macular degeneration, glaucoma and cataracts appear in older people.

Springtime depression

Springtime depression. Prevention and Road Safety

Is it possible to go for weeks on end down in the dumps, sad, with feelings of loss, anger, or frustration, even though spring is in the air? If this is what you are experiencing, you could have a mood disorder such as depression. Our normal reaction is to be happy and full of energy as we benefit from the impact of more sunlight on our body, which in turn impacts the production of serotonin (the ‘happiness hormone’); but for those who suffer from seasonal depression, serotonin and melatonin cancel each other out.

Babies and the sun. Prevention

Babies and the sun

The Sun is life. It bathes us in the sensation of well-being, helps us regulate our sleeping and waking cycles, maintains our mood and, furthermore, is essential for synthesizing vitamin D, a hormone that is necessary for the correct functioning of the muscular-skeletal system.

When at the wheel, not a single drop

Effects of alcohol on the driving

The importance of vision to conducting everyday activities is widely understood and is of particular relevance when it can affect the safety of others. One such activity is the driving of motor vehicles, for which strong physical and mental skills are essential. Undoubtedly, vision is the most important physical factor for the driving of motor vehicles, and the lack of vision cannot be replaced or supplemented in any way.

Effects of jet lag

Tips to prevent and treat jet lag

Jet lag, also known as circadian rhythm sleep disorder and rapid time zone change, is a physiological imbalance that occurs when traveling across different time zones because our internal clock (which controls the periods of sleep and wakefulness) is slow to adjust to the new schedule.

Arthritis

Arthritis and its negative impact on driving

Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more joints, which are the areas where two bones come together. The joints allow us to bend our limbs to make movements, such as bending the arms and legs, grasping large objects and holding small objects.

Mild stroke

Mild stroke

Strokes are one of the most common neurological diseases. The global incidence in Spain is estimated at between 150-250 cases per 100,000 inhabitants/year, making strokes a major social and health problem. Driving after having a stroke is possible, but it must be done under control.

Fall of an elderly person at home

Fall of an elderly person at home

A trauma is a situation involving physical damage to the body. There are many different types of trauma, but among these, head traumas are notable for their potential complications in both young and old patients.

Skin abrasions from falling off a motorcycle

Skin abrasions from falling off a motorcycle

Abrasions are lesions that arise from tangential trauma that removes the superficial skin layer (papillary dermis) and leaves a bleeding bed (reticular dermis). These are quite painful as they expose sensitive nerve endings and require as primary, basic care an exhaustive mechanical cleaning (brushing/rubbing) to remove foreign particles or bodies from the wound and/or debridement to prevent future complications (infections, delayed scarring, tattoos, etc.).

Peripheral vertigo

Peripheral vertigo

The vertigo can be triggered by standing up, stretching the neck or crouching and even when the patient wakes up. These episodes alternate with periods of remission, but more atypically they can involve instability, unsteadiness and even a constant imbalance when standing or walking, with nausea lasting for hours or even days, which can lead to a delay in diagnosis if the right maneuvers are not carried out.

Near-drowning following immersion in sea water

Near-drowning following immersion in sea water

Near-drowning is incomplete drowning with survival for more than 24 hours following the immersion accident. It is differentiated from drowning, which ends in the individual’s death. Depending on whether liquid aspiration has occurred, it is deemed either wet drowning (90 percent of cases) or dry drowning (10 percent).

Macular degeneration

Macular degeneration

The concern for stopping this disease has resulted in a team of Spanish researchers’ finding a treatment for wet ARMD, much more aggressive that dry ARMD, using anti-VEGF medication injected into the eye. Capable of detaining the progression of the disease, this entails a paradigm shift.