The DGT is clear on this: if cars were equipped with advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS), it would avoid 51,000 accidents in Spain or at least significantly reduce their consequences. And they are not just saying so for the sake of it. Studies carried out in Israel with vehicles equipped with active and preventative alerts reveal that the chances of being in a road accident reduces by at least 45%.
Luckily, there have been many technological advances and a great deal of money invested into researching systems that help us drive safely. Because technology applied to safety helps to save lives.
These are some examples of ADAS (Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems):
- INTERURBAN AEB - (Autonomous emergency braking on open roads. Designed to avoid or alleviate the consequences of rear-end collisions on open roads. It warns the driver of the risk of collision. If the driver takes note of it, the system takes control of the vehicle to slow it down.
- PEDESTRIAN AEB - Autonomous emergency braking with pedestrians. Similar to the previous one but to avoid collisions with pedestrians. It warns the driver of the possibility of running someone over. And if you don’t take note, the system performs an emergency stop.
- URBAN AEB - Autonomous emergency braking. The vehicle has a system that warns the driver of the risk of collision at less than 50 km/h.
- ALCOLOCK - A locking system that prevents the vehicle from starting, based on the driver’s blood alcohol level. A breathalyzer connected to the vehicle’s electrical system prevents the engine from starting if it detects alcohol on the driver’s breath.
- REAR CROSS TRAFFIC ALERT - RCTA. Alerts the driver to cars approaching the rear of the car from the side, when the reverse gear is engaged.
- REVERSE AND 360º CAMERA. Allows the driver to have a better view of the immediate surroundings of the car.
- TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SYSTEM TPMS. Ensures that tires maintain the manufacturer’s recommended pressure.
- BLIND SPOT DETECTION – BSD. Very useful for avoiding collisions when the driver is changing lane and doesn’t notice a car in the lateral blind spot.
- FATIGUE DETECTION SYSTEM. When the driver loses concentration at the wheel due to fatigue or drowsiness, the system recommends stopping the vehicle. 160 deaths a year caused by tiredness could be avoided.
- E-CALL. In the event of an accident, the system places a call to the appropriate emergency services with information on the exact location.
- EMERGENCY BRAKING DISPLAY (EBD). Rear-end collisions caused by sudden braking are reduced through this system that detects when the car in front brakes.
- EVENT DATA RECORDER (EDR). Records the conditions in which accidents occur in order to reconstruct the events leading up to them.
- ISA – INTELLIGENT SPEED ASSIST The system can help prevent accidents caused by speeding.
- LANE DEPARTURE WARNING AND LANE KEEPING ASSIST (LDW/LKA). Confirms the vehicle’s position and corrects the direction in which it is heading. According to a TRL study carried out for the European Commission in March 2018, it would have reduced the number of accidents by 53%.
- ADAS AFTERMARKET SYSTEMS. Although unable to act on the vehicle itself, these are systems that can be installed in vehicles after their manufacture to alert the driver.
Some of these systems are sold as standard and others can be included as extras. Which ones are installed in your car? Find out more. For your safety.